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Diabetes: How to reduce the risk of developing the disease?

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“To prevent and control Diabetes it is essential to recognize the symptoms, perform regular screenings and adopt healthy lifestyle habits.

Feeling excessively thirsty, frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision, hunger and weight loss are the most common symptoms of Diabetes, which often go unnoticed by patients.

This means that a diabetic person can live for several months – or even years – with mild symptoms without being aware of the disease.

To prevent and control Diabetes, it is essential to recognize these symptoms, conduct regular screenings, and adopt healthy lifestyle habits such as a careful diet, weight control, and exercise.

With the Christmas season just around the corner – so often conducive to some excesses – here are four recommendations from Zurich’s Z-World to decrease the risk of developing the disease and have a healthier lifestyle.

1. Eat a healthy and varied diet

A healthy, varied and fiber-rich diet is one of the pillars of Diabetes prevention – and the best tool to control weight and avoid obesity problems.

Try to eat fruits and vegetables daily and avoid processed or high-fat foods.

2. Say no to a sedentary lifestyle

Regular exercise is also a determining factor in the prevention of Diabetes, since physical exercise contributes to the proper functioning of the pancreas and to control glucose levels. Try, for example, to do brisk walks of 150 minutes per week (50 minutes on three alternate days).

However, before you start exercising, you should consult your doctor to find out which activity is best suited to your physical condition.

3. Eliminate tobacco

People who smoke have a 30% to 40% greater risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes, the most common and frequent form of the disease. For this reason, smoking should be eliminated.

4. Monitor your health regularly

Since Diabetes is a disease that sets in without giving any obvious signs, it is important to have your routine check-ups and health analyses and to monitor your blood glucose levels periodically.

This advice is valid not only to prevent the onset of Diabetes, but also for those who already have the disease to keep it under control.

Start today to adopt a healthy lifestyle, helping to prevent the risk of developing Diabetes and also other diseases.”

Source: https://lifestyle.sapo.pt/saude/saude-e-medicina/artigos/diabetes-como-diminuir-o-risco-de-desenvolver-a-doenca

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